Li X, Knutson Z, Lobatto D, Choi D, Lipman J, Warren RF, Craig EV, Gulotta LV. Effects of glenosphere positioning on the impingement free internal and external rotation in the reverse shoulder arthroplasty. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery. 2013 June;22(6): 807-13.
Introduction: Patients may experience a loss of internal rotation (IR) and external rotation (ER) after reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA). We hypothesized that alterations in the glenosphere position will affect the amount of impingement-free IR and ER. Materials and methods: Computed tomography (CT) scans of the scapula and humerus were obtained from 7 cadaveric specimens, and 3-dimensional reconstructions were created. RTSA models were virtually implanted into each specimen. The glenosphere position was determined in relation to the neutral position in 7 settings: medialization (5 mm), lateralization (10 mm), superior translation (6 mm), inferior translation (6 mm), superior tilt (20), and inferior tilt (15 and 30). The humerus in each virtual model was allowed to freely rotate at a fixed scaption angle (0 , 20 , 40 , and 60) until encountering bone-to-bone or bone-to-implant impingement (180 of limitation). Measurements were recorded for each scaption angulation. Results: At 0 scaption, only inferior translation, lateralization, and inferior tilt (30) allowed any impingement-free motion in IR and ER. At the midranges of scaption (20 and 40), increased lateraliza-tion and inferior translation resulted in improved rotation. Supraphysiologic motion (>90 rotation) was seen consistently at 60 of scaption in IR. Superior translation (6 mm) resulted in no rotation at 0 and 20 of scaption for IR and ER. Conclusions: Glenosphere position significantly affected humeral IR and ER after RTSA. Superior trans-lation resulted in significant restrictions on IR and ER. Optimal glenosphere positioning was achieved with inferior translation, inferior tilt, and lateralization in all degrees of scaption. Reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) provides a reliable and durable treatment option for the pain and functional limitations of shoulders with rotator cuff deficiency. 1,3,6,8 As the number of these procedures grow, understanding the mechanics of these implants and the methods with which they are implanted becomes This cadaveric study was exempted by the Hospital for Special Surgery Investigational Review Board. (X. Li). J Shoulder Elbow Surg (2012) -, 1-7