Orthopaedic Application of Cryotherapy: A Comprehensive Review of the History, Basic Science, Methods, and Clinical Effectiveness
Abstract: Cold therapy, also known as cryotherapy, includes the use of baggedice, ice packs, compressive cryotherapy devices, or whole-bodycryotherapy chambers. Cryotherapy is commonly used in postopera-tive care for both arthroscopic and open orthopaedic procedures.
National Trends in the Surgical Treatment of Chronic Rotator Cuff Tear in Patients Without Arthritis
Abstract: Both rotator cuff repair (RCR) and reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (RTSA) are effective treatment options for chronic large degenerative rotator cuff tears (RCTs) in the elderly. The goal of this study was to evaluate national trends for surgical management of chronic RCT among patients without glenohu-meral arthritis. The authors conducted a retrospective review from 2007 to 2015 using the PearlDiver database. The study included patients who had the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, diagnosis of chronic RCT without shoulder arthritis.
A team approach in the diagnosis and management of facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy: a case report
Case Report: A 13-year-old right handedominant girl, accompanied by her mother, initially presented to the orthopedic hand clinic for evaluation of chronic progressive weakness in her right long finger while typing and playing the piano. She reported a history of vague injury to her finger after a fall on the ground 4 years back. On further inquisition, she also reported nonspecific weakness in her right shoulder with difficulty lifting her arm above eye level and reaching for objects on a shelf. In addition, her mother noted a remote history of viral meningitis at the age of 14 weeks.
Increased Risk of Humeral Fracture With Open Versus Arthroscopic Tenodesis of the Long Head of the Biceps Brachii
Purpose: To determine the risk of postoperative humeral fracture following tenotomy, open tenodesis and arthroscopic tenodesis of the long head of the biceps brachii.
Abstract: Shoulder metallosis with giant cell tumor formation is rarely seen in shoulder surgery. With an increase in shoulder arthroplasty and complex revision shoulder surgeries, clinicians should have an index of suspicion for possible metallosis in patients that presents with unexplained persistent pain with metal components on both the glenoid and humeral side. This case describes a 43-yearold female with a history of six prior shoulder surgeries who presented wit shoulder metallosis and giant cell tumor formation after a screw from her open Latarjet procedure began rubbing against her Hemicap implant. She successfully underwent a revision total shoulder arthroplasty for post traumatic arthritis with pectoralis major transfer for her chronic subscapularis rupture and had complete symptom resolution.
Abstract: Fractures of the coracoid process are relatively rare, and current management guidelines remain unclear. Most coracoid fractures occur in conjunction with other shoulder injuries, including dislocations and fractures. Identifying coracoid fractures can be difficult because most fractures are nondisplaced and can be missed on radiographs or may be masked by other injuries.
Demographics and Distal Tibial Dimensions of Suitable Distal Tibial Allografts for Glenoid Reconstruction
To evaluate whether characteristics such as age, height, weight, sex, or body mass index affected the distal tibial dimensions and radius of curvature (ROC) of a potential donor for anterior glenoid augmentation. Methods: A retrospective review of magnetic resonance imaging of ankles without bony trauma was performed, and the anteroposterior (AP) and medial-lateral (ML) distances and ROC of the tibial plafond articular surface were measured. Demographic characteristics, including age, sex, height, weight, and body mass index, were recorded.
Controversy exists as to the optimal treatment of superior labrum anterior to posterior (SLAP) tears in athletes. There are no systematic reviews evaluating return-to-sport (RTS) rates after arthroscopic SLAP repair and biceps tenodesis.
Surgical management of type II superior labrum anterior posterior (SLAP) lesions: a review of outcomes and prognostic indicators
A Type II SLAP (superior labrum anterior posterior) lesion is a tear of the superior glenoid labrum with involvement of the long head of the biceps tendon insertion. In patients that do not improve with conservative treatment, there is a great deal of variability in the surgical management of these injuries that includes arthroscopic SLAP repair, arthroscopic SLAP repair with biceps tenodesis, biceps tenodesis alone and biceps tenotomy.
The Effect of Race on Early Perioperative Outcomes After Shoulder Arthroplasty: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis
There is a paucity of data on how racial disparities may affect early outcomes following shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in 30-day complications and readmission rates after shoulder arthroplasty based on race. White and black patients who underwent hemiarthroplasty, anatomic or reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (Current Procedural Terminology codes 23470 and 23472) between 2006 and 2015 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database.