Epidemiology and Perioperative Complications in Patients With Sickle Cell Disease After Orthopaedic Surgery
Introduction: Surgical management of patients with sickle cell disease (SCD) poses a unique challenge to orthopaedic surgeons due to increased operative and perioperative risk. Studies evaluating perioperative complications among patients with SCD undergoing orthopaedic surgery have been limited. We sought to review the clinical characteristics and perioperative complications in our patients with SCD who required orthopaedic surgery.
The Effect of Race on Early Perioperative Outcomes After Shoulder Arthroplasty: A Propensity Score Matched Analysis
There is a paucity of data on how racial disparities may affect early outcomes following shoulder arthroplasty. The purpose of this study was to evaluate differences in 30-day complications and readmission rates after shoulder arthroplasty based on race. White and black patients who underwent hemiarthroplasty, anatomic or reverse total shoulder arthroplasty (Current Procedural Terminology codes 23470 and 23472) between 2006 and 2015 were identified in the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program database.
Return to Sport After Surgical Treatment for Anterior Shoulder Instability: A Systematic Review: Response
We thank Dr Hurley and coauthors for their letter and comments regarding our recent article "Return to Sport After Surgical Treatment for Anterior Shoulder Instability: A Systematic Review." The authors raised the concern that our pooled data reported a higher rate of return to sport (RTS) than what was previously reported after anterior shoulder stabilization procedures and that our findings are not fully representative of the results in the literature, which could result in inappropriately high patient expectations.
Racial and sex disparities in utilization rates for shoulder arthroplasty in the United States disparities in shoulder arthroplasty
Purpose: To investigate racial disparities in shoulder arthroplasty (SA), accounting for demographic factors such as sex and age.
Glenohumeral arthritis includes osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis has been treated successfully with total shoulder arthroplasty for many years. 1 -3 In 1974, Dr. Neer3 reported the first series of patients who were successfully treated with anatomically designed total shoulder prosthesis.
Arthritis affecting the shoulder includes osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, osteonecrosis, posttraumatic arthritis, cuff tear arthropathy, and post-capsulorrhaphy arthropathy. Primary osteoarthritis is the most common form and characterized as a slow progressing disease that leads to cartilage thinning and ultimately, complete cartilage loss resulting in bone on bone contact and pain. There are many risk factors for shoulder arthritis including age, sex, race, genetics, weight, trauma, dislocation, and history of previous surgery.
Glenohumeral instability is a common problem in the young, athletic patient population, with anterior instability being more common than posterior or multidirectional instability (MDI)66,72,225. The incidence of anterior glenohumeral instability in the United States population is 0.08 per 1,000 person-years175,256.
Introduction: Previous studies have examined the relationship between total hip arthroplasty (THA) and insurance status in small cohorts. This study evaluates the effect of patient insurance status on complications after primary elective THA using the Nationwide Inpatient Sample.
Shoulder arthroplasty procedures are increasingly being performed in older patients despite an increased perioperative risk. The purpose of this study is to determine the complications and 30-day readmission rates in the elderly population after shoulder arthroplasty and hemiarthroplasty.
Introduction: Comparative trials evaluating categorical outcomes have important implications on surgical decision making. The purpose of this study was to examine the statistical stability of sports medicine research.